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Iran’s new government must be transparent to tackle its domestic and international debacles

 Iran’s new government must be transparent to tackle its domestic and international debaclesRohani, third right, speaks in an endorsement ceremony led by Khamenei, center, in Tehran, August 3, 2013. Photo by AP

Iran Roundtable Staff Writer,
August 6, 2013

Washington - U.S. House of Representatives passed a resolution to tighten sanctions on Iran's oil sector, which already is under major pressures from Western economic measures seeking to rein in Iran's nuclear program.
The House easily passed the bill on Wednesday, showing a strong message to Tehran over its disputed nuclear program days before President-elect Hassan Rouhani was sworn in as Iran’s moderate 11th President.
“The bill, which passed 400 to 20, would cut Iran’s oil exports by another one million barrels per day over a year to near zero, in an attempt to reduce the flow of funds to the nuclear program.” The Globe and Mail reported 1.
Similar bill co-sponsored by Republican Senator Mark Kirk of Illinois that would blacklist all Iranian exports would strengthen the House measure, expected to pass comfortably in the Senate.

House Passes Iran Nuclear Act of 2013House Passes Iran Nuclear Act of 2013
According to a Chicago Tribune opinion piece2, some House members had advocated to delay a vote on the sanctions bill; however two outstanding issues prompted the quick measures: First, Iran’s incoming President has “spent two years as the regime's top nuclear negotiator, and he once bragged that his relatively conciliatory stance was a clever gambit that allowed Iran to continue its nuclear program unimpeded.”  
Secondly, “Rouhani doesn't run the country. His boss, the supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, does. While inflation rages and unemployment spikes in Iran, Khamenei has shown no signs of veering from the nuclear path. A few months ago, he even challenged the notion that ordinary Iranians were suffering as the West has gradually tightened its economic tourniquet. He told visitors that economic sanctions were hurting the U.S. more than Iran.” the expert further added.
While Iran’s top leaders, including Khamanie downplay the effects of the Western sanctions on Iran’s depleted economy other lower rank officials quietly blame the sanctions as a scapegoat for the country’s financial and economic mismanagement.  “There is no question that these hard biting targeted sanctions will also impact ordinary Iranians, and will probably embolden the regime to pursue its weaponized nuclear program; however, sanctions are the only peaceful means for the international community to compel the Iranian regime to change course.” Sharif Behruz, the President of Iran Roundtable said in a statement.
“Given the history of the Iranian regime’s complicity and defiance, it seems almost impossible for the regime to make any concessions on its nuclear advancements, because in the regime’s ideology any concessions in any matter will be interpreted as a retreat, and will reciprocally treat any concessions by the west as a sign of their weakness; therefore, as long as this regime rules over Iran, outstanding issues of nuclear program, support for terrorism abroad and gross human rights violation inside Iran will not be resolved.  Thus, at the moment, sanctions are the most feasible tools in the hands of international community to deal with Iran and the regime in power regardless of who is President.” Mr. Behruz further stated.
While the Obama administration eased 3 restrictions on medical supplies, agricultural products and humanitarian aid entering Iran, 330 tons of medicine is currently stuck in Tehran’s Imam Khomeini International airport due to issues stemming from Iran’s multiple exchange rates.
The international community has imposed several rounds of sanctions on Iran since 2005, aimed at pressuring Tehran to abandon its nuclear energy program. 
The United States and its allies have repeatedly accused Iranian regime of potentially pursuing non-civilian objectives in its nuclear energy program.